Golden Paint/Draw Grounds

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Absorbent Ground

GOLDEN Absorbent Ground can be used to create a porous, paper-like surface on many different substrates. It is uniquely formulated for a high level of absorbency when dry. Applied over gessoed canvas, Absorbent Ground allows for wash and staining effects on a stable acrylic film as an alternative to staining raw canvas. Watercolors may also be used, although they will retain their water sensitivity.

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

GOLDEN Absorbent Ground, designed for stain and watercolor-type applications, is light stable, permanent and flexible. While it has a gesso-like consistency, it is not intended as a gesso alternative. It must be applied over a porous and "toothy" surface, such as GOLDEN Gesso to ensure adequate adhesion due to the type and level of solids in the product. Once properly sealed, it is a permanent acrylic film that does not need to be kept under glass, however, the surface is quite delicate and additional protection is recommended. A properly applied isolation coat and GOLDEN Varnishes (Polymer & MSA) will protect the artwork from environmental factors such as sunlight and dust. For information about our recommended varnishing procedure please see our Varnish Application literature:

Painting in an impasto style over GOLDEN Absorbent Ground is not recommended, unless the surface is properly sealed (see sealing surface section).

PRODUCT APPLICATION

Surface Preparation

Apply onto gessoed canvas, hardboard, wood or other surface. For more complete guidelines on preparing painting supports see the Tech Sheet on Preparing Painting Supports.

Absorbent Ground Application

Absorbent Ground can be applied with a brush, roller or squeegee. No thinning is necessary, although for increased leveling or ease of application, up to 25% water may be added. Apply in thin layers, since thicker applications may crack as the film dries. Use multiple coats for increased absorbency (5-6 coats gives a highly absorbent surface). If a thicker single application is desired, or if applying to a highly textured surface, blending any amount of GOLDEN Light Molding Paste into the Absorbent Ground will decrease the chance of cracking while maintaining considerable absorbency. The greater the percentage of addition, the more flexibility the film will have and the thicker it will become. Testing for your application is always recommended. If a very thick and textured absorbent surface is desired, consider using Light Molding Paste alone. Allow Absorbent Ground to dry thoroughly before paint application.

Acrylic Stains

Almost all GOLDEN Acrylic paints can be used for staining and wash techniques on Absorbent Ground. GOLDEN High Flow Acrylics are the proper viscosity for staining and therefore, offer the most intense stains. Heavy Body, Matte, High Load, and Fluid Acrylics will all need to be thinned with water to make washes suitable to stain with. Fluid Acrylics are the best choice out of this group, since they are the thinnest to start with and require less water to thin to a wash consistency. Stains must be thin enough to be readily absorbed by the surface. For additional staining effects, dampening the surface with water before applying paint will increase absorbency. Very small amounts of GOLDEN Acrylic Flow Release may be added to the stain or water to create additional effects. If doing so, carefully follow the directions for Acrylic Flow Release, as overuse can cause problems with water sensitivity. Clean tools with soap and water.

Experimental

The following applications and techniques have not been fully tested and should be considered experimental. GOLDEN offers them for artists exploring these materials in innovative ways and for those who are interested in new possibilities and unique effects. Some of these ideas come from successful applications done by artists and GOLDEN welcomes any additions artists might have. To contact GOLDEN with your suggestions please call or email Technical Support at 1-607-847-6154 or techsupport@goldenpaints. com.

Because they are experimental, artists should fully test any procedure before using on anything important in order to work through any unforeseen problems and to make sure it meets their needs and expectations.

Watercolors

Watercolor paints work well when applied over GOLDEN Absorbent Ground and will retain all of their attributes, such as water solubility. The completed artwork can be mounted behind glass like traditional watercolor artwork, or sealed with an acrylic isolation coat and varnished. Care must be taken when applying the isolation coat as brushing over the watercolors will produce streaking. For best results the isolation coat should be lightly spray-applied and gradually built up until a non-porous film has been developed. An indication that this has been achieved is uniform gloss throughout the artwork. For more information please see our Varnish Literature:

GOLDEN Absorbent Ground can also be used on watercolor paper to block out unwanted marks or mistakes. Apply the properly diluted ground evenly to the desired area in thin layers until the area is sufficiently covered. Allow the coats to completely dry, and paint over in desired manner.

Oil Paint

While we do not recommend applying full-bodied oil paint directly onto GOLDEN Absorbent Ground, application of thin washes or glazes of oil paint is possible. When doing so, make sure to protect the substrate from oil penetration by applying a minimum of 4 coats of GOLDEN Acrylic Gesso directly to the support, or an initial sizing of 2 coats GAC 100 followed by 2 or more coats Acrylic Gesso. For more information see our Tech Sheet on Preparing Painting Supports

Always allow oil paints to fully cure before varnishing. Most authorities will recommend waiting 6 to 12 months, although check with the manufacturer of your paints for specific guidelines. Once cured, DO NOT apply an acrylic isolation coat. Instead, apply GOLDEN MSA Varnish w/UVLS or its aerosol version, GOLDEN Archival Varnish, directly to the painting. Always use at least one coat of Gloss varnish to completely seal the surface before switching to a Satin or Matte sheen if desired. Failure to do so may cause the final varnish to have a cloudy or frosted effect. NOTE: Due to the absorbent nature of the ground, complete removal of the varnish will be difficult.

Different Media Applications

Application of products such as inks, pastels, chalks, etc. is acceptable on Absorbent Ground. However, when attempting to seal the work, changes in the colors and surface qualities can occur and may constitute unacceptable changes for many artists. ALWAYS TEST ON TRIAL PIECES OR INCONSPICUOUS AREAS BEFORE FINAL USE ON ARTWORK.Water sensitive materials can also streak if an isolation coat is brushed over them. For this reason, GOLDEN recommends spraying very light layers of Airbrush Transparent Extender to initially seal the surface, working with low pressure, and then switching to a GAC 500/Airbrush Transparent Extender mix to progressively build up a thicker film.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Sealing the Absorbent Ground Surface

The absorbent nature of Absorbent Ground mandates the need to properly seal the surface. After staining is complete, the surface must be sealed with a water-based acrylic polymer to prevent dirt, dust, oils or grease from becoming permanently embedded in the surface. This sealing coat is also recommended before applying thicker paints. Sealing the surface first will insure that subsequent paint layers form strong films with adequate adhesion.

To seal the surface, apply 2-3 coats of GOLDEN GAC 500 mixed 2:1 with GOLDEN Airbrush Transparent Extender for spray application, or GOLDEN Soft Gel (Gloss) thinned 2:1 with water for brushing. A final application of GOLDEN MSA Varnish w/UVLS, its aerosol version GOLDEN Archival Varnish, or GOLDEN Polymer Varnish w/UVLS (refer to GOLDEN Varnish Information Sheets for detailed varnishing instructions) is recommended for further protection.

Disclaimer

The above information is based on research and testing done by Golden Artist Colors, Inc., and is provided as a basis for understanding the potential uses of the products mentioned. Due to the numerous variables in methods, materials and conditions of producing art, Golden Artist Colors, Inc. cannot be sure the product will be right for you. Therefore, we urge product users to test each application to ensure all individual project requirements are met. While we believe the above information is accurate, WE MAKE NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, and we shall in no event be liable for any damages (indirect, consequential, or otherwise) that may occur as a result of a product application.

Acrylic Ground for Pastels

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

GOLDEN Pastel Ground is a 100% acrylic medium designed to prepare surfaces for the application of pastels, charcoal and other art media where a coarse tooth is desired. It contains finely ground sand (silica) in a pure acrylic emulsion.

Pastel Ground can be applied to paper, canvas, wood or any primed support. This allows almost limitless applications for media typically confined to standard papers.

PRODUCT APPLICATION

Thinning

Due to the weight of the solids in Ground for Pastels, it is produced very thick, and does not come ready to brush-apply. Thin 20-40% with water to desired consistency.

Application

Apply with brush, paint-roller, spray equipment, squeegee or palette knife.

Mix up only as much as is needed for one day"s work, as the solids will settle rapidly and be extremely difficult to mix back into suspension.

Surface Preparation

  • Non-absorbent surfaces should be abraded for increased adhesion. Prime with GOLDEN Gesso or other suitable primers (depending on substrate).
  • Apply one or more coats of GOLDEN Pastel Ground to achieve the desired tooth.
  • On paper, use heavier weight stock to avoid buckling.
  • Allow ground to fully dry before applying media.

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION

Use as a Ground

For best surface adhesion, apply GOLDEN Pastel Ground over GOLDEN Gesso. It may also be applied over other GOLDEN acrylic mediums, gels, and paints for multi-media work.

Note: When used in conjunction with oil-based media, prepare support (canvas, linen, masonite, etc.) with GAC 100 to block the oil from penetrating into the support, which can weaken or rot natural fibers. See GAC Specialty Acrylic Polymer Medium Information Sheet.

Use as a Transparent Gesso

Like GOLDEN Matte Medium, Pastel Ground can be used as a transparent gesso. Both can be applied directly to substrates. The "toothy" quality helps media to adhere, yet allows the underlying layers to remain visible.

Note: both products dry with a whitish translucency, and multiple applications respectively increase visibility. Test all applications prior to use.

Use as a Medium

The textural quality of Pastel Ground is similar to other GOLDEN Gels including the Pumice Gels. The grit size lies somewhere between GOLDEN Fine and Coarse Pumice Gels.

Color Additions

Pastel Ground can be blended with GOLDEN Acrylic Paints to achieve colored grounds. However, add minimal amounts of color since all additions of paint to Ground will decrease the tooth.

GOLDEN High Flow Acrylics and Fluid Acrylics blend easily into the ground without thickening the product. High Load Acrylics have the highest pigment load and therefore provide the most color in the least amount of paint.

Unless transparency is desired, select paints that are inherently opaque, such as the Pyrroles or earth colors. This will allow lower additions as well. Airbrushing thin layers of color after the ground has dried will give the strongest saturation of color to the ground without affecting the gritty surface.

Gel/Medium Additions

Adding GOLDEN Fine Pumice Gel will lower the tooth; GOLDEN Coarse Pumice Gel will increase the tooth. Experiment for varied techniques. For unusual effects, also experiment with additions of GOLDEN Micaceous Iron Oxide, Black Mica Flake, Coarse Alumina Gel and other products.

Disclaimer

The above information is based on research and testing done by Golden Artist Colors, Inc., and is provided as a basis for understanding the potential uses of the products mentioned. Due to the numerous variables in methods, materials and conditions of producing art, Golden Artist Colors, Inc. cannot be sure the product will be right for you. Therefore, we urge product users to test each application to ensure all individual project requirements are met. While we believe the above information is accurate, WE MAKE NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, and we shall in no event be liable for any damages (indirect, consequential, or otherwise) that may occur as a result of a product application.

Silverpoint / Drawing Ground

GOLDEN Silverpoint / Drawing Ground is a liquid acrylic used for the preparation of supports for drawing media. The ground is designed for the achievement of fine detailed lines on a permanent, lightfast, flexible ground. Silverpoint / Drawing Ground is ideal for use with metal styli or other drawing tools

PRODUCT DESCRIPTION

GOLDEN Silverpoint / Drawing Ground is formulated with 100% acrylic polymer emulsion. It is a low viscosity fluid that contains high levels of titanium dioxide and prepares surfaces to readily accept marks from a metal stylus.

PRODUCT APPLICATIONS

GOLDEN Silverpoint / Drawing Ground is designed for thin applications only. When applied too thickly the film may crack upon curing. A single thin coat is typically sufficient.

It can be brush or spray applied to paper, primed canvas, wood or any surface that will accept a water-based coating. The most common substrate for metal point drawing is heavy weight hot pressed watercolor paper.

Note: Because lower weight papers are susceptible to buckling from the moisture in the Silverpoint / Drawing Ground, some artists may find taping the edges down will help prevent extensive warping.

Brush Application

  • Shake container thoroughly before use as the thin viscosity and high pigment load is prone to settling
  • Open jar and allow to sit for a minute or two to allow some foam to dissipate.
  • Pour the quantity needed to coat substrate into a wide flat dish slightly larger than the brush to be used.
  • With a soft brush apply Silverpoint / Drawing Ground in even strokes, working from one side to the other and keeping a wet edge
  • Brush back over any area where foam is evident in order to dissipate remaining bubbles.
  • Allow to cure 24 hours

Spray Application

No additional thinning is necessary and most spray equipment can be used

Tinting

Silverpoint / Drawing Ground can generally be tinted with a maximum of 15% GOLDEN Fluid Acrylics without negatively affecting its performance. While the Fluid Acrylics have a thicker consistency than the Silverpoint / Drawing Ground, small additions will only slightly alter the viscosity and should not affect either its leveling or brush application. Alternatively, GOLDENHigh Flow Acrylics can also be used up to the same 15% maximum; as these products are closest in viscosity to the Ground, there should not be a noticeable change in thickness.

METAL STYLUS SELECTION

The term Metal Stylus may be interpreted very broadly. In essence any metal object that will leave a mark on the surface of the Silverpoint / Drawing Ground is acceptable. The hardness of a metal object defines the darkness of the initial metal mark as softer metals allow for more metal particles to be transferred during initial mark making. Over time metals that oxidize will become darker and potentially change color i.e. silver will be come very black while copper will turn slightly green.

OTHER APPLICATIONS

By easily soaking into paper surfaces, artists can use Silverpoint / Drawing Ground to alter the absorbency as well as whitening some papers with minimal change to their texture. In addition, because metal styluses will usually not leave a mark on uncoated papers, many artists are finding that partially coating the paper holds unique benefits. Lastly, Silverpoint / Drawing Ground may be painted over with acrylic paints as well as applied onto already painted surfaces.

Disclaimer

The above information is based on research and testing done by Golden Artist Colors, Inc., and is provided as a basis for understanding the potential uses of the products mentioned. Due to the numerous variables in methods, materials and conditions of producing art, Golden Artist Colors, Inc. cannot be sure the product will be right for you. Therefore, we urge product users to test each application to ensure all individual project requirements are met. While we believe the above information is accurate, WE MAKE NO EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, and we shall in no event be liable for any damages (indirect, consequential, or otherwise) that may occur as a result of a product application.

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